. Utility patents can be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture or composition of materials, or any new useful improvement thereto. The USPTO corrects errors in patents that have already been issued by reissuing patents, which may alter the scope of patent protection. The USPTO also issues legal invention records that offer limited protection to prevent others from patenting a particular invention, design, or plant.
In some circumstances, the terms of the patent described below may be expanded. Utility patents, also known as “invention patents”, are the most common patents. Some examples of inventions protected by useful patents are computer programs, investment strategies, medical equipment, tools, chemical compositions, genetically modified forms of life and improvements. Owners of utility patents can exclude others from manufacturing, using, or selling an invention for a period of 20 years from the date the patent application is filed.
While utility patents offer extensive protection against potentially competing inventions, receiving a utility patent can take 2 to 3 years. Design patents are issued in relation to a new, original and ornamental design contained in or applied to something manufactured. They are less expensive and easier to obtain than a utility patent. They are also the type of patent that is least commonly applied to the USPTO.
A design patent allows the owner to exclude others from manufacturing, using, or selling the patented design for 14 years from the date the patent was granted. The time period for design patents may change in the near future. There are no maintenance fees associated with this type of patent. Plant patents are issued for the discovery or invention of new and different plants that reproduce asexually.
This may include sports, hybrids, seedlings, mutants and crops, other than plants that are uncultivated or that are potatoes or edible plants propagated by tubers. Like design patents, plant patents don't need to keep up with maintenance fee payments. Have you created a new invention? You may be able to protect your rights to that invention with a patent. Patents give inventors the exclusive right to create or use their creation for a specified period of time.
The patent is granted by the U.S. UU. The Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), the federal agency responsible for managing patent applications, which allows the patent owner to maintain a monopoly for a limited period of time (usually 20 years) over the use and development of an invention. The most common types of patents include design patents (appearance of a product), utility patents (how a product works) and plant patents (new plant species) patents, 8-minute reading.
The most common types of patents include design patents (what a product looks like), utility patents (how a product works) and plant patents (a new species of plant) patents. Other types of patents include interim patents and reissue patents. For more information and resources related to this topic, as well as other types of intellectual property, you can visit the Intellectual Property section of FindLaw. This type of patent covers processes, compositions of matter, machines and manufactures that are new and useful.
This patent protects the owner by preventing other people or companies from creating the type of plant or benefiting from the plant for at least 20 years from the date of the application. This can include growing different types of plants to create mutants or hybrids and also newly discovered seedlings. Regardless of the type of patent you apply for, patent protection can only be obtained by filing an application with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The least commonly issued type of patent are plant patents granted for any new, non-obvious, asexually reproducible plant.
Among the many types of creative works that could qualify for a useful patent include biological inventions; new chemical formulas, processes or procedures; computer hardware and peripherals; computer programs; cosmetics; electrical inventions; electronic circuits; food inventions; household items; and industrial machines. Some requirements for obtaining this type of patent are that the plant is not a plant propagated by tubers (i). This element can be easily established in many types of inventions, but it can be more difficult to establish in the case of chemical compounds, which are sometimes developed before their practical function is determined. The most common types of patents are design patents (appearance of a product), utility patents (how a product works) and plant patents (a new species of plant).
If you're ready to apply for a patent and understand the different types of patents, start gathering information. For more information on the different types of patents or for help filing a patent application, contact a local patent attorney. While the information that should be included in the patent application will depend on the type of patent being applied for, non-provisional patent applications usually include a description and claim of the invention or discovery, drawings, an oath or statement, and fees. Each type of patent has its own eligibility requirements and protects a specific type of invention or discovery; however, it is possible for an invention or discovery to have more than one type of patent available.