Did you know that the first registered patent was granted in the 15th century? It was for the Italian architect and designer Filippo Brunelleschi in 1421, for a ship carrying marble along the Arno River. Despite the popularity of mobile phones with Wi-Fi connectivity, people continue to choose Bluetooth as an option for data transfer. Invented in 1994 by Jaap Haartsen, Bluetooth technology allows nearby electronic devices to be connected using low power and ultra-high frequency waves. Nowadays, Bluetooth is used in almost all portable devices for transferring and receiving multimedia.
The three types of patents are utility patents, design patents and plant patents. . Design patents protect the design or image of a product. Plant patents are issued to applicants for plants that can reproduce.
Inventions protected by utility patents include any new and useful process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter. Inventions can be electrical, mechanical, or chemical in nature. Some examples of inventions protected by public utility patents are a microwave oven, bacteria genetically modified to clean up oil spills, a computerized method for managing cash management accounts, and a method for curing rubber. The USPTO also issues legal invention records that offer limited protection to prevent others from patenting a particular invention, design, or plant.
In some circumstances, the terms of the patent described below may be expanded. Utility patents, also known as “invention patents”, are the most common patents. They are issued in connection with new and useful processes, machines, manufactures, compositions of matter or improvements. Some examples of inventions protected by useful patents are computer programs, investment strategies, medical equipment, tools, chemical compositions, genetically modified forms of life and improvements.
Owners of utility patents can exclude others from manufacturing, using, or selling an invention for a period of 20 years from the date the patent application is filed. Maintenance fees must be paid for this type of patent, making it more expensive than a design patent. While utility patents offer extensive protection against potentially competing inventions, receiving a utility patent can take 2 to 3 years. Design patents are issued in relation to a new, original and ornamental design contained in or applied to something manufactured.
They are less expensive and easier to obtain than a utility patent. They are also the type of patent that is least commonly applied to the USPTO. A design patent allows the owner to exclude others from manufacturing, using, or selling the patented design for 14 years from the date the patent was granted. The time period for design patents may change in the near future.
There are no maintenance fees associated with this type of patent. Plant patents are issued for the discovery or invention of new and different plants that reproduce asexually. This may include sports, hybrids, seedlings, mutants and crops, other than plants that are uncultivated or that are potatoes or edible plants propagated by tubers. The owner of a plant patent may exclude other persons from manufacturing, using, or selling the plant for up to 20 years from the date the owner files a patent application.
Like design patents, plant patents don't need to keep up with maintenance fee payments. Ylva Dahlén is a physical therapist who often encounters children with severe functional disabilities. To give these children the ability to move around happily, Hoppolek invented. Examples of characters used as trademarks are Pillsbury's Dough Boy for baked goods and Aunt Jemima for breakfast foods.
Examples of manufactured items protected by design patents are a design for the sole of running shoes, a design for sterling silver tableware, and a design for a water fountain. Examples of slogans used as trademarks are Fly the Friendly Skies of United for airline services and Get a Piece of the Rock for insurance services. For example, large pharmaceutical companies can spend billions of dollars on research and development. There are countless examples of interesting inventions: advanced technical solutions and simple, intelligent ideas.
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